Treating scoliosis depends on the degree of spinal curvature, age, and rate of change, among other factors. Braces are the first option.
The goal of spine surgery for scoliosis is to stop the curve from getting worse, restore the spine to normal alignment and appearance, and also to address any back pain or heart or lung function problems that may develop. In children, the degree that warrants surgery is more than 40 degrees. The number of curves, location, the age of child, and severity determines the type of surgery.
Spinal fusion surgery uses a combination of rods, hooks, cables, screws, and cages to put the spine back into alignment. A bone graft from another bone in the body or a biological substance that causes bone growth helps the vertebral bones in your spine fuse together over time. Fusion stops further movement of the spine and maintains long-term stability, with healing takes 6-9 months.
New developments in technology include robotic spine surgery for scoliosis patients
– leading to increased efficiency and recovery. Real time robotic assistance allows for the planned surgery to be up to 99.7% accurate, as reported in studies.
Another approach is a minimally invasive (keyhole) spine fusion
that uses smaller incisions and smaller instruments and a camera to do the same work. Not all cases can be done less invasively.