Treatment depends on the cause of the curvature, the degree, the severity of the symptoms, and the rate of progression. Kyphosis of fewer than 50 degrees usually needs no therapy except to encourage exercises that strengthen the core muscles and legs.
Treatment options for kyphosis include nothing, medications, bracing, or surgery may be needed especially if there is still significant growth to be expected and if the curvature is over 50%.
When kyphosis is caused by a complication of osteoporosis or cancer such as a vertebral compression fracture, a procedure called kyphoplasty can be done with minimal downtime. Spinal fusion surgeries
are usually reserved for curves greater than 75 degrees if progression is expected or excessive bone loss is anticipated.